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Metadata
ID DOID:2841
Name asthma
Definition A bronchial disease that is characterized by chronic inflammation and narrowing of the airways, which is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. The disease has_symptom recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound while breathing), has_symptom chest tightness, has_symptom shortness of breath, has_symptom mucus production and has_symptom coughing. The symptoms appear due to a variety of triggers such as allergens, irritants, respiratory infections, weather changes, exercise, stress, reflux disease, medications, foods and emotional anxiety.
http://www.aaaai.org/patients/topicofthemonth/0107/, http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Asthma/Asthma_WhatIs.html
Xrefs

EFO:0000270

GARD:10246

ICD10CM:J45

ICD10CM:J45.90

ICD10CM:J45.909

ICD9CM:493

ICD9CM:493.9

KEGG:05310

MESH:D001249

NCI:C28397

SNOMEDCT_US_2018_03_01:21341004

UMLS_CUI:C0004096

Alternateids

DOID:12703

DOID:13829

DOID:13830

DOID:2840

DOID:5783

Subsets

NCIthesaurus

Synonyms

bronchial hyperreactivity [EXACT]

chronic obstructive asthma [EXACT]

chronic obstructive asthma with acute exacerbation [EXACT]

chronic obstructive asthma with status asthmaticus [EXACT]

Exercise induced asthma [EXACT]

exercise-induced asthma [EXACT]

Parent Relationships

is_a bronchial disease

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